Summa Theologica – QUESTION 44 OF THE EFFECTS OF FEAR (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 44 OF THE EFFECTS OF FEAR (In Four Articles) We must now consider the effects of fear: under which head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether fear causes contraction? (2) Whether it makes men suitable for counsel? (3) Whether it makes one tremble? (4) Whether it hinders action? FIRST ARTICLE [I-II, Q. 44, […]

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Summa Theologica QUESTION 47 OF THE CAUSE THAT PROVOKES ANGER, AND OF THE REMEDIES OF ANGER (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 47 OF THE CAUSE THAT PROVOKES ANGER, AND OF THE REMEDIES OF ANGER (In Four Articles) [*There is no further mention of these remedies in the text, except in A. 4]. We must now consider the cause that provokes anger, and its remedies. Under this head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether the […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 46 OF ANGER, IN ITSELF (In Eight Articles)

QUESTION 46 OF ANGER, IN ITSELF (In Eight Articles) We must now consider anger: and (1) anger in itself; (2) the cause of anger and its remedy; (3) the effect of anger. Under the first head there are eight points of inquiry: (1) Whether anger is a special passion? (2) Whether the object of anger is […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 38 OF THE REMEDIES OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 38 OF THE REMEDIES OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles) We must now consider the remedies of pain or sorrow: under which head there are five points of inquiry: (1) Whether pain or sorrow is assuaged by every pleasure? (2) Whether it is assuaged by weeping? (3) Whether it is assuaged by the sympathy […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 45 OF DARING (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 45 OF DARING (In Four Articles) We must now consider daring: under which head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether daring is contrary to fear? (2) How is daring related to hope? (3) Of the cause of daring; (4) Of its effect. FIRST ARTICLE [I-II, Q. 45, Art. 1] Whether Daring Is Contrary […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 43 OF THE CAUSE OF FEAR (In Two Articles)

QUESTION 43 OF THE CAUSE OF FEAR (In Two Articles) We must now consider the cause of fear: under which head there are two points of inquiry: (1) Whether love is the cause of fear? (2) Whether defect is the cause of fear? FIRST ARTICLE [I-II, Q. 43, Art. 1] Whether Love Is the Cause of […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 42 OF THE OBJECT OF FEAR (In Six Articles)

QUESTION 42 OF THE OBJECT OF FEAR (In Six Articles) We must now consider the object of fear: under which head there are six points of inquiry: (1) Whether good or evil is the object of fear? (2) Whether evil of nature is the object of fear? (3) Whether the evil of sin is an object […]

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Summa Theologica -QUESTION 41 OF FEAR, IN ITSELF (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 41 OF FEAR, IN ITSELF (In Four Articles) We must now consider, in the first place, fear; and, secondly, daring. With regard to fear, four things must be considered: (1) Fear, in itself; (2) Its object; (3) Its cause; (4) Its effect. Under the first head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether fear […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 40 OF THE IRASCIBLE PASSIONS, AND FIRST, OF HOPE AND DESPAIR (In Eight Articles)

QUESTION 40 OF THE IRASCIBLE PASSIONS, AND FIRST, OF HOPE AND DESPAIR (In Eight Articles) We must now consider the irascible passions: (1) Hope and despair; (2) Fear and daring; (3) Anger. Under first head there are eight points of inquiry: (1) Whether hope is the same as desire or cupidity? (2) Whether hope is in […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 39 OF THE GOODNESS AND MALICE OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 39 OF THE GOODNESS AND MALICE OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles) We must now consider the goodness and malice of pain or sorrow: under which head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether all sorrow is evil? (2) Whether sorrow can be a virtuous good? (3) Whether it can be a useful […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 37 OF THE EFFECTS OF PAIN OR SORROW (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 37 OF THE EFFECTS OF PAIN OR SORROW (In Four Articles) We must now consider the effects of pain or of sorrow: under which head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether pain deprives one of the power to learn? (2) Whether the effect of sorrow or pain is to burden the soul? (3) […]

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Summa Theologica – QUESTION 36 OF THE CAUSES OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles)

QUESTION 36 OF THE CAUSES OF SORROW OR PAIN (In Four Articles) We must now consider the causes of sorrow: under which head there are four points of inquiry: (1) Whether sorrow is caused by the loss of a good or rather by the presence of an evil? (2) Whether desire is a cause of sorrow? […]

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